Bandung, 22 July 2022 – After months of negotiation and collaboration, delegates of the Y20 (the official youth engagement group of the G20) officially adopted and signed the Y20 2022 Communique. The final plenary and signing took place at the Asian-African Conference Building (KAA) – the site of the historic Bandung Conference of 1955 and an enduring symbol of Indonesia’s commitment to international cooperation.
A representative delegation on each of the four major themes of Y20 Indonesia 2022—sustainable and livable planet, youth employment, digital transformation, and diversity and inclusion—read and delivered their relevant portions of the Communique draft.
The first issue that became the main discussion of the Y20 delegation is a Sustainable and Livable Planet. Represented by the Argentinean delegation, Tomás Listrani Blanco. In the announced communique, the Y20 delegate for a Sustainable and Livable Planet urged the G20 Leaders to immediately adopt proposals for a just recovery and transition, prioritizing the most affected people and territories.
Amongst the policy proposals presented in the communique, the priority issue identified three priority proposals that would enable systemic transformation towards a sustainable and liveable planet. Firstly, enshrining the intergenerational right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment in national constitutions and international law. This proposal would establish the necessary legal framework to embed the “One Health” approach in public health protocols. Recognizing the interconnectedness of climate and ecological crisis with public health, this proposal is especially pertinent while we recover together, recover stronger from a pandemic that is inextricably linked to biodiversity loss and ecosystem health.
Secondly, ensuring that all technologies for global challenges – including climate change adaptation and mitigation, biodiversity loss, and epidemic preparedness and response – are open source and open data, to advance multilateral collaboration in seeking solutions to our common crises.
Finally, as a fundamental principle underlying all proposals, the communique reaffirms Education for Sustainable Development for all, including political and economic leaders, with robust knowledge exchange and capacity building as prerequisites for joint action on planetary wellbeing.
In the policy recommendations presented by the Indonesian delegation, Marshiella Pandji, there are highlighted youth employment opportunities and challenges that are very important for post-COVID-19 era. Delegates determine the G20 leaders to take action by engaging stakeholders and encouraging inclusivity to disadvantaged
Among these points was the social safety net in which delegates recommended to close the protection gaps for vulnerable young workers, including first-time jobseekers, through affirmative provisions in contributory schemes, such as premium subsidies and relaxed eligibility requirements;
Skills development is also a key point for youth employment issues, the delegation offered a Provide a youth guarantee scheme that offers optional training programs, work-based learning opportunities, and/or quality jobs within an appropriate interval since a young person becomes unemployed or leaves education.
Youth need end-to-end counsel and business support, from ideation to long-term financing, as well as Link budding entrepreneurs with peers and key players, especially practitioners and investors.
Indonesian delegate, Marcel Satria, presented the Y20’s recommendations regarding the Digital Transformation. The recommendations emphasise the role that affordable, accessible and inclusive digital transformation can help be a driver of social, economic and sustainable growth.
To achieve this the Y20 outlined the importance of meaningful connectivity and how to make participation in the digital sphere accessible to all , through investment and cooperation on digital infrastructure.
The trust in and uptake of digital services and tools are dependent on knowing how to use them. The delegate outlined the Y20’s recommendations on improving digital and financial literacy through community-developed, mentor-based, and peer-to-peer learning models, co-created with civil society and informed by national digital skills education guidelines.
Along with a strategy on inclusive digital government, the communique advocates for more youth participation and priorities in digital governance, notably on data privacy and cybersecurity. A key initative was the call for the G20 to adopt a “digital wellbeing charter” by 2023 that outlines principles prioritising mental health, suicide prevention, child safety, consumer protection and the provision of inclusive digital wellbeing services.
Given the G20’s agenda of financial inclusion, the Y20 also calls for greater youth involvement, cooperation and environment considerations on emerging financial technologies. Recommendations include approaches to more robust international frameworks and youth involvement in Central Bank Digital Currency development and crypto-asset regulation. Recognising the environmental impact of increased digitalisation, the Y20 calls for mandating corporate disclosures on electricity consumption and the carbon footprint of data centers.
Diversity and Inclusion issues were discussed for the first time at the Y20 forum. Y20 Indonesia 2022 raises this issue because of its inclusiveness to ensure that all youth from different backgrounds and conditions can participate in a system that is built. Diversity and Inclusion also reflect the Indonesian motto, namely Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity).
Presented by the delegation of USA, Ana Mariel Campusano, In a critical juncture toward a better COVID-19 recovery, the youth stressed that no progress and prosperity can be achieved without the involvement of everyone, including young people, in their diversity. The Y20 delegation asked the G20 Leaders to address systemic inequalities and socio-economic impacts affecting youth through inclusive education, one of which is by allocating funds to ensure effective educational resources for all students, especially those from marginalized communities, with a particular focus on persons with disabilities;
In addition, the creative economy and the world of work are also important points on this priority issue. G20 Leaders need to create a Country-Specific Decent Living Income determined by the individual capacities of each country that provides a stable financial safety net for artists, craftsmen, platform workers, entrepreneurs, and freelancers while encouraging the transition from the informal to the formal sector.
Health, mental health, and well-being are important points to ensure young people get the protection they deserve and make them feel safe. Delegates demanded to reduce health-related stigma by implementing medically accurate evidence-based training on mental health, disability, women’s health issues, reproductive health, and affirmative consent awareness.
The draft communiqué of various priority issues was agreed upon by the Y20 delegation with a procession of signing the communique which will be submitted to the government for consideration and implementation of G20 policies.
The results of the delegates’ discussions will be communicated to all G20 youth and all youth will be able to access the communique document on the y20-indonesia.org website.
Kepala Divisi Komunikasi
Indonesia has been selected to host a meeting of G20 member countries and a G20 youth meeting known as Youth 20 (Y20) in 2022. Four priority areas are carried out in this event, namely youth employment, digital transformation, sustainable and livable planet,and diversity and inclusion. Indonesian Youth Diplomacy (IYD), a youth non-profit organization, became the official host to welcome young Y20 delegates from various countries. Y20 is sponsored by Pluang and supported by the Indonesian Ministry of SOEs.